wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Don't overfeed, as rich soil may result in lush foliage, spindly stems and few blooms. Can I Cut a Black-Eyed Susan All the Way Back to the Root? They start blooming as early as the first week of September and continue for about 5 weeks. Maximilian sunflowers are perennial wildflowers native to the North American prairies. Cut your perennial plants back twice a year. Pinch about 1 inch from the tips of stems to promote bushy growth with multiple branches and more blooms. Late summer blooming types should be pruned back when they reach between 1.5 to 2 feet (0.5 to 0.6 m) in height, because they will recover in a few weeks and bloom regardless of the cuts. [1] X Research source Fertilize the plant only if your soil is poor or growth appears stunted, as sunflowers generally require no fertilizer. ", "I'm a first-time grower, and everything was very helpful! Negative: On Mar 19, 2009, SunnyBorders from Aurora, ON (Zone 5b) wrote: Typical sunflower like flowers grow 2-3″ wide in clusters at the top of the stems. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. These bits of debris will instead need to be burned or bagged up and left for the local waste crews to collect. Maximilian sunflower is suitable for planting in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Lewis holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of Maryland Baltimore County. By comparison, perennial types of sunflowers will occasionally require a trim. Maximilian sunflower exhibits fire tolerance in … Thank you for your help.". This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Butterflies and bees love the sweet pollen and songbirds gain sustenance from the abundant seeds. At what point do I dry my sunflowers for the seeds? How to Care for Mini Petunias That Are Leggy and Sticky. Native to the central and southwestern United States, Maximilian sunflower, (Helianthus maximiliani), grows wild in rangelands and prairies. Pinch or cut off spent flowers when they begin to fade to encourage perennial sunflowers to produce more blossoms. Maximilian sunflower is suitable for planting in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Unlike most sunflowers, Maximilian sunflowers are perennial, returning to bloom every year for many years. This blooms very late in the season here in zone 6b, with the asters and mums. If pruning, trim them down to about 2’ or 3’ in late June or early July. If it is placed in a vase, it will not grow roots or ripen any more. Weak stems will cause the plants to fall and can be staked to remain upright. Do this throughout the flowering season until the last wave of flowers, usually in late summer or fall. After the petals fall off and the backs of the flowers have turned yellow or even brown in color. The shape of the plant was much improved by a mid-season pruning. Perennial sunflowers, such as Maximilian (Helianthus maximilianus), grow from underground root structures called rhizomes and typically, they don't grow quite as tall and large as their annual friends. One sunflower plant has five blossoms. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. After 3 years, a single plug grew to a 2-foot clump that produced over a dozen stems. Water deeply at the base of the plant to keep the foliage dry. % of people told us that this article helped them. The many-branched plants grow up to 8 feet tall and produce scores of medium size yellow blossoms that resemble sunflowers. When is the best time to harvest the seeds? Once they bloom, let them dry out and collect the seeds. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Think sunflowers and you likely conjure up images of taller-than-life plants with larger-than-life yellow flowers that reach toward the sun. You can leave the seeds hanging in winter for the birds (and harvest some for planting next year), later cut them off and plant new seeds in spring. Provide Maximilian sunflowers with about 1 inch of water every week during spring and summer. Stake Maximillian sunflower, as the tall plants are often damaged in rain or strong winds. Maximilian sunflowers can also be left standing through the winter months as food for the birds. Once a sunflower has been cut and placed in vase for decoration, will it be able to be replanted or grow more roots? At maturity, the plant reaches heights of 4 to 10 feet with a spread of about 3 feet. References :)", "To prune or not to prune was my question. Native Americans used Maximillian sunflowers for a variety of practical purposes, including food, dye, oil and thread. Sunflowers have a long stem called a peduncle; if it is cut in the middle, the remaining stem will dry out, making the plant unsightly. A large and imposing sunflower with tall, white-hairy stems that produce drooping leaves up to 12″ long and only 2″ wide. 10-25 yellow petals surrounding a yellow disc are produced late summer to fall. The flowers run about three inches across but there are a lot of them. However, the rules are slightly different for late summer blooming varieties. If you choose to leave your tall sunflowers for the birds, they can be cut to the ground in the early spring to prepare the plant for new growth. You can if you'd like, but you may also leave all five there. "Wasn't sure if I should trim side blooms to allow the fist bloom to become as large as possible! It depends on how much. Approved. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. A good general rule for pruning perennial sunflowers is to cut them down to half their size in the late spring or early summer. https://gardenerspath.com/how-to/pruning/fall-spring-perennial-cutbacks/, https://www.ftd.com/blog/design/sunflower-care, http://masterofhort.com/2011/11/maximilian-sunflowers-helianthus-maximiliani/, https://www.wonderopolis.org/wonder/whats-the-difference-between-annuals-and-perennials, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZoW-SAmmodw, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service: Maximillian Sunflower, University of Washington Clark County Extension: Sunflowers, University of Minnesota Extension: Sunflowers, Texas A&M University Extension: Maximilian Sunflower (Helianthus Maximiliani). Then, reduce their size again by a third in June or July. If I cut my sunflowers back to ground level, will they come back next year? If I trim leaves off sunflowers while they're in the ground, will it slow down the blooming time? Pruning helps these plants maintain a neat and tidy appearance during the summer months when they tend to get unruly. They will not regrow. Can I cut off the heads from my dead sunflowers? Although the side buds will form blooms, the plant won’t get as tall. Maximilian sunflower plants growing on rich, fertile sites will grow tall and spindly. I say yes, my husband says no. Prune down the peduncle to the node, that is where the new growth will come from. Pruning Maximilian Sunflower, alias Prairie Sunflower, alias Helianthus maximiliani (or maximilianii Asked February 28, 2013, 10:15 AM EST Should the Maximilian Sunflower, alias Prairie Sunflower, alias Helianthus maximiliani (or maximilianii), be pruned to the ground prior to spring?

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