He attended Westminster School and in 1676 was appointed copyist at Westminster Abbey.

In July 1695, Henry Purcell composed an ode for the Duke of Gloucester for his sixth birthday. The music that he had earlier composed for Queen Mary's funeral was performed during his funeral as well.

Henry Purcell (/ˈpɜːrsəl, pərˈsɛl/)[1] (c. 10 September 1659[Note 1] – 21 November 1695[2]) was an English composer. In the 21st century, the soundtrack of the 2005 film version of Pride and Prejudice features a dance titled "A Postcard to Henry Purcell". [13], Soon after Purcell's marriage, in 1682, on the death of Edward Lowe, he was appointed organist of the Chapel Royal, an office which he was able to hold simultaneously with his position at Westminster Abbey. The dates of very few of these sacred compositions are known; perhaps the most notable example is the anthem "They that go down to the sea in ships." His eldest son was born in this same year, but his life was short lived. Henry Purcell (10 September 1659 (? Another is that he succumbed to tuberculosis. He arranged the young Henry to be admitted as a chorister of His Majesty’s Chapel.

The related songs are sung "for" them by singers, who have minor dramatic roles.

September 10, Purcell also wrote much incidental music for stage productions, including that for Dryden's King Arthur. He is believed to have been 35 or 36 years old at the time.

A. Purcell. His work at the time was mostly dedicated to the Royal family and sacred topics. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004, "Henry Purcell. [29] Purcell's four-part sonatas were issued in 1697. The work is a very difficult one, opening with a passage which traverses the full extent of Gostling's range, beginning on the upper D and descending two octaves to the lower. St Margaret's Church, Grave; He wrote several musical scores for operas, semi-operas, and theatre plays, as well as odes, cantatas, and other miscellaneous pieces. In 1691, he wrote the music for what is sometimes considered his dramatic masterpiece, King Arthur, with the libretto by Dryden and first published by the Musical Antiquarian Society in 1843. In a 1940 interview Ignaz Friedman stated that he considered Purcell as great as Bach and Beethoven. [12] It is occasionally considered the first genuine English opera, though that title is usually given to Blow's Venus and Adonis: as in Blow's work, the action does not progress in spoken dialogue but in Italian-style recitative. The Indian Queen followed in 1695, in which year he also wrote songs for Dryden and Davenant's version of Shakespeare's The Tempest (recently, this has been disputed by music scholars), probably including "Full fathom five" and "Come unto these yellow sands". A few months later, he wrote the music for D'Urfey's play, The Fool's Preferment. The so-called Purcell's Trumpet Voluntary was in fact written around 1700 by a British composer named Jeremiah Clarke as the Prince of Denmark's March. He then collaborated with John Dryden on King Arthur in 1691, and also composed the music for The Fairy-Queen (1692), based on Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream both productions also scoring triumphs. The challenging work opens with a passage which traverses the full extent of Gostling's range, beginning on the upper D and descending two octaves to the lower. Z.611 I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. The beginning of Purcell's will reads: After Humfrey died, he studied under John Blow. [5] After Humfrey's death, Purcell continued his studies under Dr John Blow. Another is that he succumbed to tuberculosis. And I do hereby give and bequeath unto my loving wife, Frances Purcell, all my estate both real and personal of what nature and kind soever...[32], Purcell is buried adjacent to the organ in Westminster Abbey. Burden, Michael. In 1690, he composed the music for Betterton's adaptation of Fletcher and Massinger's Prophetess (afterwards called Dioclesian)[22] and Dryden's Amphitryon. Stylistically, the aria "I know a bank" from Britten's opera A Midsummer Night's Dream is clearly inspired by Purcell's aria "Sweeter than Roses", which Purcell originally wrote as part of incidental music to Richard Norton's Pausanias, the Betrayer of His Country. The 2012 film Moonrise Kingdom contains Benjamin Britten's version of the Rondeau in Purcell's Abdelazar created for his 1946 The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. [2] A modern-day Purcell Club has been created, and provides guided tours and concerts in support of Westminster Abbey. [33] His epitaph reads: "Here lyes Henry Purcell Esq., who left this life and is gone to that Blessed Place where only His harmony can be exceeded."[34]. [2] The quantity of his instrumental chamber music is minimal after his early career, and his keyboard music consists of an even more minimal number of harpsichord suites and organ pieces. His church music includes many anthems, devotional songs, and other sacred works, but few items for Anglican services.
After his father's death in 1664, Purcell was placed under the guardianship of his uncle who showed him great affection and kindness. Both men were buried in St Clement's near the organ gallery. Frances, wife of Henry Purcell, is buried near her husband 14 February 1706. The ode is titled Who can from joy refrain? [10] Purcell now devoted himself almost entirely to the composition of sacred music, and for six years severed his connection with the theatre. In 1692, he composed The Fairy-Queen (an adaptation of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream), the score of which (his longest for theatre) was rediscovered in 1901 and published by the Purcell Society. In Nomine à6, Z.746 for Treble, Tenor & Bass Viols, In Nomine à7, Z.747 for Treble, Tenor & Bass Viols, Funeral Sentences and Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra, liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA), "Jethro Tull Press: Rolling Stone, 30 August 1973", "Henry Purcell – an overview of the classical composer", "The Delicate Intensity of Olivia Chaney", International Music Score Library Project, Short biography, audio samples and images of Purcell, National Trust catalogue entry for manuscript music, copied by, Select digitized images from Old English Songs, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Purcell&oldid=985574416, People educated at Westminster School, London, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Holman, Peter and Robert Thompson. Father of Edward Purcell John Gostling, then at Canterbury, but afterwards a gentleman of His Majesty's chapel. [11] The story of Dido and Aeneas derives from the original source in Virgil's epic the Aeneid.

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