Ultimately, his years as an Oxford student helped to prepare him for the work he would one day undertake. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. If you are a Premium Magoosh student and would like more personalized service, you can use the Help tab on the Magoosh dashboard. Because of its deeply personal nature, and an influx of new ideas about faith, the First Great Awakening sparked many rifts between religious groups, and thus this was a period when many new denominations were born among Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians. The College Board® does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? During these early years of ministry, Whitefield took on the role of social reformer as well.   YouTube. magush, one who is highly learned, wise and generous. A British clergyman of the Anglican Church, Whitefield’s eloquent oratory skills and charismatic personality helped spark the spiritual revival known as “The Great Awakening” throughout Britain, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and the North American colonies. His preaching and popularity have, for years, been listed as just one thing which helped to spread a unified religious message in the colonies that perhaps helped to pave the way for the political unity that led to the Revolution. Log in here for access. just create an account. This only helped the spread of the movement, as these touring ministers could draw crowds numbering in the thousands to their open-air sermons. The ACT Inc.® does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Thanks for watching! Alternative Teacher Certification in Virginia, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. George Whitefield's preaching style relied heavily upon dramatics. He became a public figure who promoted a democratic, egalitarian version of Christianity. He returned to England briefly to raise money for the Bethesda Orphanage and returned to the colonies in 1739, just as a large-scale religious revival was occurring.   Twitter study In 1736, Whitefield became ordained and began his preaching career. During this time, he preached to numerous large audiences which were in the thousands. What was gained from the First Great Awakening? Franklin estimated that there were nearly 30,000 people present at the revival meeting which he attended. Let's learn more about this incredibly important figure in American religious and colonial history. Magoosh is a play on the Old Persian word A series of religious revivals swept through the colonies in the 1730s. :) If your comment was not approved, it likely did not adhere to these guidelines. His style of preaching drew in people from all over, spreading the message of the gospel. Portable field pulpit c. 1742-1770 (Source). In another rarity of his day, Whitefield preached to both free people and slaves alike. George Whitefield was a preacher and public figure who led many revival meetings both in England and the American colonies. Flowers in Caged Bird, Quiz & Worksheet - Application Development, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, College Composition for Teachers: Professional Development, PLACE Reading Teacher: Practice & Study Guide, ILTS Environmental Science: Land, Water, and Atmospheric Systems, Quiz & Worksheet - PSAT Writing Strategies, Quiz & Worksheet - Integer vs. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Visit the High School World History: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. Whitefield spoke against established clergy, spreading a message of democratic religion that relied upon commoners to grow and continue. All rights reserved. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons B) their controversial message meant they were not welcome in many churches. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Please leave comments and tell your friends. Comparing 1st and 2nd Great Awakening – YouTube by Mr. Adam Norris. He made numerous trips across the Atlantic and became a celebrity and iconic figure in the colonies themselves. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The First Great Awakening was a religious revival that swept through the American colonies in the 1740s. This style of preaching was exactly what was popular and being sought out in the American colonies at this time. He worked best in outdoor environments, where his flamboyant style and emphasis on the new birth necessary to become a Christian would mesmerize the masses who had gathered to hear him. Great schisms appeared in the churches between the old lights who thought that salvation was predestined, and the new lights who thought a person could be saved through conversion. He grew up with a hard working background, waiting tables at his family's inn. How did the Great Awakening affect the colonies? To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. imaginable degree, area of An error occurred trying to load this video. The revival took place in the mid-18th century and was a reaction to the logic and reasoning of the Enlightenment. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Get access risk-free for 30 days, Get Practice AP US History Questions and Videos here! George Whitefield was one of the most dynamic and famous Christian ministers of the 18 th century, yet today remains relatively unknown. This YouTube video is to review for Advanced Placement United States History (APUSH) based upon the textbook American Pageant, 13th Edition. A brief review of everything important about The First Great Awakening that you need to know to succeed in APUSH. Whitefield united all thirteen colonies together with his preaching and public appeal, something which was an incredibly important development in the mid 1700s. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. What are the causes of the First Great Awakening? credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. In 1740, Whitefield went on a long preaching circuit from New York City to South Carolina. There he not only preached in the new colony but also worked to found an orphanage. Whitefield also went on revival speaking tours in Scotland during his long career and preached for years in London as well. Whitefield was born in 1714. A) they believed that preaching among nature brought them closer to God. They held open-air sermons across the colonies, attracting thousands of believers with their intensely spirited words and ideas. Additionally, the deeply personal views of the revival, and its messages of equality, contributed to a more populist, democratic viewpoint among the colonists, which helped shape the country’s mentality leading up to the Revolution. A brief review of everything important about The First Great Awakening that you need to know to succeed in APUSH. One reason George Whitefield and other revivalist preachers of the Great Awakening used pulpits like the one seen in the picture was because Protestant ministers in the 1730s began to push back against the cerebral nature of religion, which dictated what faith looked like in the colonies. Company Home succeed. Create an account to start this course today. SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Board®. What was the Great Awakening intended to revive or awaken? Through the awakening emerged the decline of Quakers, founding of colleges, an increase of Presbyterians, denomenationalism, and religious toleration. The correct answer is (B). Reverend George Whitefield (1714-1770), printed in London for John Royall, n.d. 1361PH Georgia Historical Society Photograph Collection, Box 25, Folder 17, Item 4930 The evangelical preacher George Whitefield (1714-1770), along with John and Charles Wesley, is largely responsible for leading Anyone can earn Franklin respected Whitefield's mind and believed him a strong intellectual force. In many ways, Whitefield was, for the first time, gathering together colonists from various colonies to hear a united message. About Us Whitefield's message relied heavily upon the idea of the new birth, which taught that individuals must be born again to become followers of Christ. He became a religious icon who spread a message of personal salvation and a more democratic Christianity. Already registered? Who was a religious leader during the First Great Awakening? Sarah is an educator and writer with a Master’s degree in education from Syracuse University who has helped students succeed on standardized tests since 2008. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. C) they wanted a way to symbolically disassociate with the traditional church. 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D) their ardent followers threatened to damage church property in protest. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Religion was in the forefront of the mid 1700s as the colonies expanded, and Whitefield played a crucial role in that expansion. He was originally based in London, which was at that time the center of the civilized world in many ways. Because the establishment churches rejected these new ideas, revival preachers began to move outside of the church (physically and bureaucratically) and form congregations without going through the proper channels of ordainment. Here you go:The 1st Great Awakening. In 1738, Whitefield crossed the Atlantic to serve as a minister in Georgia. Study.com has thousands of articles about every The sermons of revivalist preachers proposed new thoughts on church doctrine, and were rife with messages of personal connections to God and a religious revolution for the common man. The first inter-colonial hero and icon was not a politician, but a preacher named George Whitefield.

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